Knap Hill, Wiltshire is the site of an earlier Neolithic* Causewayed Enclosure constructed in the mid-fourth millennium BC one of only fourteen such monuments in England that survive ‘to any extent as earthworks’ (Oswald et al, 2001). These enclosures were probably built as venues for social gatherings rather than as permanent domestic settings although most of those excavated seem to be variations on a theme both in construction and use. As Andrew Lawson says they were perhaps ‘meeting places, markets, political, ceremonial or religious centres all in one’ (Lawson 2007). However, excavations have suggested that they generally were occupied for at least some of the year, probably most usually between spring and autumn. As is often the case with these ‘camps’ the Knap Hill site occupies a strategic position on top of a hill and in this case on the edge of a dramatic escarpment. From here it offers commanding views across the Pewsey Vale to the south with Salisbury Plain the site of the, then future, Stonehenge in the distance. It is one of my very favourite places and I love the affect the area around it has on anyone experiencing it for the first time especially when approaching from the north.
Click on the ‘read more’ button below to read more about causewayed enclosures in general.